Voting Rights Act of 1965

_Pen_AfterSigning_the_Voting_Rights_Act_1965_0.jpg

President Johnson handing Martin Luther King, Jr. a pen during the signing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965; Source: BlackPast.org

Just months after signing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson asked Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach to begin drafting a voting rights bill.

Discussions

Johnson, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and other African Americans had discussed a voting rights bill several times before it was ever introduced in Congress.

For example, in January 1965, Johnson called King from his Texas ranch and asked King to publicize the worst examples of literacy tests, in order to win public support for voting rights.

In the call, Johnson said, “I think the greatest achievement of my administration…was the 1964 Civil Rights Act, but I think this bill [voting rights] will be bigger, because it will do things even that ’64 Act couldn’t do.” 

Johnson Makes the Announcement

On March 15, one week after the “Bloody Sunday” assault on peaceful civil rights marchers in Selma, Alabama, President Johnson announced that he would send Congress a voting rights bill.

He said, “We have already waited 100 years and more, and the time for waiting is gone…all of us must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice, and we shall overcome."

The Act is Passed

Congress passed the Voting Rights Act and President Johnson signed it on August 6, 1965.

In his remarks, Johnson said, “This right to vote is the basic right, without which all others are meaningless.”