Sources & Definitions
Age of Discovery
A period of European history from the 15th to the 18th century defined by a large amount of overseas exploration
The process by which an individual’s or group’s language and culture come to resemble another group, often a more dominant or colonizing group
Self governing; independent
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Defined citizenship to include then and former slaves, and gave all citizens equal protection under the law
A political and religious belief that a person can rule directly from the will of God, and is “above the law”
The deliberate large-scale killing of people from a particular ethnic, national, racial or religious group
Extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
People native to a land, in the U.S. the Indigenous Peoples are often referred to as American Indians or Native Americans
Advocating for certain changes in government by working directly with officials
Type of written order issued by a Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. It is named after the seal (called a bulla) placed at the end of the document used to authenticate it.
Self-governing regions that can administer their own public assets
The ability and authority to self-govern without interference
A constitutional amendment created to make sure citizenship rights under the Civil Rights Act of 1866 would not be easily overturned in the future
- McCool, Danial, Susan M. Olson, and Jennifer L. Robinson. “Native Vote: American Indians, the Voting Rights Act, and the Right to Vote.” New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
- McDonald, Laughlin.” American Indians and the Fight for Equal Voting Rights.” Norman Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2010. For a list of cases brought to suit by American Indians please see pp. 8-67. Print.
- Wang, Tova Andrea. “Ensuring Access to the Ballot for American Indians and Alaska Natives: New Solutions to Strengthen American Democracy” Demos, (June 18, 2012).
- Wilkins, David E. and K. Tsianina Lomawaima. “Uneven Ground: American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law.” Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001. Print.
Websites and Online Resources
- “Boarding Schools”. American Indian Relief Council.
- “Dawes Act (1887)”. Our Documents initiative.
- “Burke Act (1906)”. Oklahoma Historical Society.
- Woodard, Stephanie. ”The Missing Native Vote”. In These Times.
- Robinson, Tom. “Civic Participation on the Rise in Indian Country”. MPR.
- Text of Elk v. Wilkins: Justia, U.S. Supreme Court.
- “About Language Minority Rights”. The United States Department of Justice.
- "Tribal Equal Access to Voting Act of 2015." Draft Legislation. The United States Department of Justice.
- Hoeffel, E. M., Norris, T., & Vines P. L. “The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2010”. United States Census Bureau.