Reflect: Key People, Connections and Discussion Questions

This page is about reflection. You’ll find a list of some of the key people and organizations relevant to this section. You’ll also find a section called intersectionality to encourage thinking about how different issues are connected, and discussion questions to encourage deeper thinking. Take some time to answer the questions, look these people up and learn more about their stories.

The content on this site is not complete: there are countless numbers of people and so many stories — from small acts of defiance to major leadership positions — that didn’t get recorded or that don’t often make it into textbooks.

This website is meant to be grown and improved upon. We’ve included some of the heroes, but if you know people we are missing, let us know so we can include their stories too.

Key People and Groups

  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
  • El Congreso de Pueblos que Hablan Español (The Congress of Spanish-Speaking Peoples)
  • Luisa Moreno
  • Josefina Fierro de Bright
  • Eduardo Quevedo
  • Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)
  • The Crusade for Justice
  • Movimiento Estudiantil Chicanos de Aztlán (MEChA)
  • La Raza Unida
  • Young Lords
  • Alianza de Pueblos y Pobladores (The Alliance of Towns and Settlers)
  • Antonia Pantoja
  • Congressional Hispanic Caucus
  • National Council of LaRaza (NCLR)
  • The Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF)
  • Puerto Rican Legal Defense Fund (PRLDF)
  • National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO)
  • Southwest Voter Registration and Education Project
  • National Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
  • MANA (Formerly named Mexican-American Women’s National Association)
  • Cesar Chavez

Intersectionality

Our history lessons often look at communities separately. This can make sense because every community has a unique set of experiences. But even though experiences can be separate, they often intersect at points where they are similar. Our history is full of examples of people working together toward shared goals that affect many communities. Our history also contains examples of people who joined movements in solidarity, even though they were not negatively affected by the issue.

Every individual belongs to multiple communities or identities and has a unique perspective on issues because of their positionality Your “position” in social structures based on identities such as race, ethnicity, gender, class, sexual orientation, etc.. Understanding your positionality can help you see how you can best work toward the goals of your communities and toward those of others.

What are some of the ways collaboration across communities helped the efforts of the Civil Rights Movement? What power do you think might come from recognizing our positionality when we work for political change? In what ways does voting relate?

Discussion Questions: 
What were some of the reasons people immigrated from Mexico and Latin America to the U.S.?
Why do some Spanish-speaking people make a distinction between being Hispanic or Latinx?
What are some of the barriers to voting or civic participation that Spanish-speaking Americans might have experienced?