Race, Reconstruction and Felon Voting
After the Civil War, a new kind of felon disenfranchisement emerged as a way to limit the political and social power of African American men. During and after the Reconstruction Era, it became clear that the Southern political leadership was determined to keep newly-freed slaves at the bottom of the social and economic system.
Southern states — with the Something that isn’t official or isn’t specifically said, but that everyone knows to be true support of the Supreme Court — passed laws that made Minor criminal violations grounds to disenfranchise citizens. Crimes such as homelessness, theft and loitering, as well as “ Acting “immorally” based on community standards” were offenses that were targeted to — and selectively enforced against — black men, who then became ineligible to vote.
Since African American men were disproportionately and often unfairly convicted of misdemeanors, statutes like these were powerful tools of suppression against African American political power, and have been used since to disenfranchise large numbers of Social marginalization happens when a group of people are denied equal and adequate opportunity to determine their treatment by the members of the broader society. It usually includes the lack of representation, recognition of rights and equal redistribution of resources and services community members.