Sources & Definitions
American Civil Liberties Union
A nonpartisan, nonprofit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States"
American Indian or Alaska Native
Refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment
A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference
Democratic National Convention
Meeting of delegates of the democratic party at the national level to select candidates for office and to decide party policy
Requires that official documents (usually ballots) are available in the language of a minority group as well as in English
Advocating for certain changes in government by working directly with officials
Satellite Early Voting Booths
Places outside of normal polling stations where people can vote before election day
Delegates to party conventions that are automatically given a seat based on their status in the party
The term used to describe Indian-owned gambling operations
White Earth Nation
A band of Chippewa now centered in northern Minnesota. There are seven Chippewa reservations in Minnesota
- McCool, Daniel, Susan M. Olson, and Jennifer L. Robinson. Native Vote: American Indians, the Voting Rights Act, and the Right to Vote. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
- McDonald, Laughlin. American Indians and the Fight for Equal Voting Rights. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2010. For a list of suits by American Indians please see pp. 8-67.
- Wilkins, David E. and K. Tsianina Lomawaima. Uneven Ground: American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
Website and Online Resources
- Robinson, Tom. Civic participation on the rise in Indian Country. MPR.
- About Language Minority Rights. The United States Department of Justice.
- Tribal Equal Access to Voting Act of 2015. The United States Department of Justice. Draft Legislation.
- Wang, Tova Andrea. Ensuring Access to the Ballot for American Indians and Alaska Natives: New Solutions to Strengthen American Democracy. Demos.
- U.S. Census 2010.
- Sherry, Allison. Brand-new Early Voting Blitz Targets Indian Country, Young. Star Tribune.