Sources & Definitions



The changes that occur in a culture from contact with another, usually leading to people “straddling” more than one set of cultural ideas


The process by which an individual’s or group’s language and culture come to resemble another group, often a more dominant or colonizing group

Community Mobilization

Working in a neighborhood or other community to increase voter registration rates and turnout on election day

Created Community

A community of people or peoples that are usually separate but are grouped together by someone else, usually a government

Eligible Voters

Any citizen over the age of 18 that is not barred from voting due to a felony conviction or a specific disability. This does not mean that these people are registered to vote


Manipulation of the boundaries of an electoral district so as to favor or harm one party or class


Coming originally from an area where Spanish is spoken and especially from Latin America. From the Latin word for "Spain," can refer broadly to all Spanish-speaking peoples, emphasizing the common language among communities that might have little else in common. In the eyes of the U.S. Census Bureau, Hispanics or Latinxs can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity, or any country of origin. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget currently defines "Hispanic or Latino" as "a person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, South or Central American or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race"


Sets of beliefs that people use to make important personal and political decisions


Pronounced "La-teen-ex," the “x” is used to be inclusive of the numerous people of Latin American descent whose gender identities fluctuate along different points of the spectrum, from agender or nonbinary to gender non-conforming, genderqueer and genderfluid

Legal Permanent Residents

Individuals with “green cards” who are given many — but not all —  of the rights of citizens but are not naturalized. They remain citizens of their country of origin


The process of becoming a citizen


When the borders of electoral districts (groups of voters) are redrawn

Umbrella Term

A word used to refer to a large variety of unique peoples, usually used to simplify a more complex subject


Books and Journals

  • Roethke, Leigh. “Latino Minnesota.” Afton, MN.: Afton Historical Society, 2007. Pg 105.  Print.
  • Valdés, Dennis Nodín. “Barrios Norteños: St. Paul and Midwestern Mexican Communities in the Twentieth Century.” Austin: U of Texas, 2000. Print.
  • Jackson, Melinda S. "Priming the Sleeping Giant: The Dynamics of Latino Political Identity and Vote Choice." Political Psychology 32.4 (2011): Pg 692,  691-716. Print.
  • Gonzales Baker, Susan. "Su Voto Es Su Voz: Latino Political Empowerment and the Immigration Challenge." Political Science and Politics 29.3 (1996): 465-68. Pg 467 Print.
  • Diebold, Susan M. "The Mexicans." Ed. June Drenning. Holmquist. They Chose Minnesota: A Survey of the State's Ethnic Groups. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1981. 92-107. Print.

Website and Online Resources