Reflect: Key People, Connections and Discussion Questions

This page is about reflection.

You’ll find a list of some of the key people and organizations relevant to this section. You’ll also find a section called intersectionality to encourage thinking about how different issues are connected, and discussion questions to encourage deeper thinking. Take some time to answer the questions, look these people up and learn more about their stories.

The content on this site is not complete: there are countless numbers of people and so many stories — from small acts of defiance to major leadership positions — that didn’t get recorded or that don’t often make it into textbooks.

This website is meant to be grown and improved upon. We’ve included some of the heroes, but if you know people we are missing, let us know so we can include their stories too.

Key People and Groups

  • Homer A. Plessy
  • Ida B. Wells
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • W.E.B. DuBois
  • Amelia Boynton
  • Samuel William Boynton
  • William Monroe Trotter
  • Fredrick L. McGhee
  • Booker T. Washington
  • Harry S. Truman
  • Charlotte Forten
  • Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
  • Carrie Langston
  • Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin
  • Naomi Talbert Anderson
  • Charlotte E. Ray
  • Angelina Weld Grimké
  • Anna J. Cooper
  • Nannie Burroughs
  • Mary Church Terrell
  • Adella Hunt Logan
  • Mary E. Jackson
  • Alpha Suffrage Club
  • The Niagara Movement
  • National Association of Colored Women
  • National Federation of Afro-American Women
  • National Associate for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • National Committee on Civil Rights


At this time in history, if you were Black, you still had limited rights even if you were working and/or fighting in the United States military. Think about your own identities--how might your life be different if you were drafted to fight for the U.S. military but still had limited rights because of your race, gender, sexual orientation or other identities?

While Black men gained the right to vote at this time, think about what it was like to be a woman, especially a Black woman, who still could not vote. While clearly the laws were progressing at this time, there was still inequality when it came to voting based on other identity markers--this is intersectionality — and some of these ideas still play out, even if in different ways today.

Discussion Questions: 
The National Committee on Civil Rights justified its pro-voting rights stance by pointing out that discrimination was “bad for the economy” and that “international interests were put at risk by limitations on democracy at home.” How do you respond to those arguments? Why do you think the committee used those messages? How do you feel about that?
What were the differences in thought between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois?
Do you think there would have been a National Committee on Civil Rights had African Americans not organized and fought for their rights?