Sources & Definitions


Gender Binary

A model of gender that classifies all people into one of two genders. Under the binary model, gender is seen as a rigid binary option, like one or zero


Manipulation of the boundaries of an electoral constituency (voters) so as to favor one party or class


Politicians running for a position they already hold


Social marginalization happens when a group of people are denied equal and adequate opportunity to determine their treatment by the members of the broader society. It usually includes the lack of representation, recognition of rights and equal redistribution of resources and services


Questions or policies that are put on a ballot for citizens to vote on directly

Statewide Elective Office

Any state-level position that everyone in the state can vote on. For instance, a local representative does not count but the Governor and Secretary of State, among others, do count

Term Limits

Rules on how many times you can hold the same position


Websites and Online Resources