Sources & Definitions
Immediate citizenship for a large group of people
1884 Supreme Court case Elk v. Wilkins affirmed that American Indians were “subjects” of the United States, meaning that even though they had been born within the borders of the newly formed United States they did not have automatic citizenship
Gold Rush (1848-1855)
Period of rapid migration to California after the discovery of gold in 1848, leading to exponential increases in population and economic growth in the region
Advocating for certain changes in government by working directly with officials
A belief that American settlers were destined to expand and settle throughout the continent, stemming from religious, economic, and imperialistic ideals
Pushing a group of people to vote in a certain election or for a certain candidate or issue
Legal process through which citizenship is granted
Your “position” in social structures based on identities such as race, ethnicity, gender, class, sexual orientation, etc.
Type of citizenship with limited rights relative to natural-born or naturalized citizens
A piece of land owned by the United States that is not a state but is administered by an appointed or elected governor and elected legislature
Books and Journals
- Diebold, Susan M. "The Mexicans." Ed. June Drenning. Holmquist. They Chose Minnesota: A Survey of the State's Ethnic Groups. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1981. Pg 92, 93, 104. Print.
- Roethke, Leigh. Latino Minnesota. Afton, MN.: Afton Historical Society, 2007. pg. 104 Print.
- Gonzales Baker, Susan. "Su Voto Es Su Voz: Latino Political Empowerment and the Immigration Challenge." Political Science and Politics 29.3 (1996): 465-68. Print.
- Jackson, Melinda S. "Priming the Sleeping Giant: The Dynamics of Latino Political Identity and Vote Choice." Political Psychology 32.4 (2011): 691-716. Print.
- Valdés, Dennis Nodín. Barrios Norteños: St. Paul and Midwestern Mexican Communities in the Twentieth Century. Austin: U of Texas, 2000. Print.
Websites and Online Resources
- DeSipio, Louis. Demanding Equal Political Voice…And Accepting Nothing Less: The Quest for Latino Political Inclusion. American Latinos and the Making of the United States: A Theme Study. National Park Service.
- The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Library of Congress, Hispanic Reading Room.
- Gutiérrez, David G. An Historic Overview of Latino Immigration and the Demographic Transformation of the United States. American Latinos and the Making of the United States: A Theme Study. National Park Service.
- Sherwood, Susan. What Did Puerto Ricans Gain in 1917? Synonym.
- Demographic Profile of Hispanics in Minnesota, 2011. Pew Research Center Hispanic Trends. Pew Research Center.
- Ennis, S., M. Rios-Vargas, and N. Albert. The Hispanic Population: 2010. 2010 Census Briefs (2011).