New Barriers to Voting
Redistricting is a process that takes place normally after a U.S. Census, every 10 years, to more accurately draw political district lines to reflect changes in population.
Gerrymandering occurs when oddly shaped districts are formed in order to favor a particular political party. Of the ten states deemed to be most-gerrymandered, Democrats redrew the lines on four states while Republicans redrew the lines on six.
As a majority of the Minnesota and U.S. Legislature is made up of white men, everyone else may rarely – if ever – sees themselves in the people who represent them.
Students of color are disproportionately impacted by what is known as the “school-to-prison pipeline.” Due to gross structural inequities in the U.S. public school system - including inadequate education resources, harsh disciplinary policies and policing of under-resourced schools - a high percentage of marginalized youth are put on a pathway out of the classroom and into the criminal justice system.
Historic barriers to voting existed to prevent Black and American Indian communities, as well as women, from changing the white-male-dominated system put in place at the founding of the country.
With the passage of the 15th and 19th Amendments that gave African Americans and then women the vote, many elected officials worried that the new large voting blocs might favor one party over another. The dominant culture was especially concerned with women voting as their voting bloc was extremely large.
Transportation issues on Election Day impact anyone that does not have access to or cannot afford private or public transportation.
In 2012, a mere 0.01% of all Americans contributed more than 28% of all the money spent in the election. Money in politics impacts every level of political campaigning and office holding.
Negative ads usually don’t give misinformation such as incorrect voting times, places or options, but they do create barriers to truthful information.
U.S. citizens who immigrated to the United States from non-English-speaking countries may find English to be a difficult language to master. Many refugees coming from poor or war-torn places may have lacked access to formal education and are not competent in their own language, and now face the challenges of learning another language.